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Country report - Montenegro

by Nataša Mirecki, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Montenegro.

This article was originally written for the publication "Organic in Europe", published by the IFOAM EU Group in collaboration with the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, Switzerland, and the Mediterranean Institute for Agronomic Research CIHEAM-IAM, Bari, Italy. 

Key indicators 2012

  • Organic agricultural area: 3,068 hectares (2011)
  • Operators:
    • Organic producers: 100 (2011)
    • Organic processors: no data
    • Organic importers: no data
    • Organic exporters: no data
  • Retail sales: no data

Area and operator data: Monteorganica

History of organic farming

  • 2004/5: Organic law and secondary legislation are adopted
  • 2008-2012: Two projects of international support are implemented
  • 2011: The National Association of Organic Producers of Montenegro is established
  • 2012: The National Action Plan for the Development of Organic Agriculture is adopted.

Key sector institutions

Production base: land use and key crops

Of the total area of 3,068.07 hectares

  • 93.5% consists of grassland/grazing areas, while
  • 6.5% are arable and permanent cropland.

The key crops are

  • field crops and cultivated herbs (119.81 hectares).

The key permanent crops are

  • fruits (75.52 hectares) and
  • grapes (2.67 hectares).

More than 139,000 hectares are certified for the collection of wild herbs and forest fruits.

Market

The organic market in Montenegro has grown in recent years; nevertheless, most organic products are still imported. The main sales channels are specialised shops, supermarkets and direct marketing. Data on exports and imports are not publicly available.
 

Standards, legislation, organic logo

In Montenegro, the organics law Sl. List RCG, br. 49/04 applies. There is a national logo for organic products.

Policy support

Compensatory payments are granted under a special scheme which has been running since 2004.

  • National action plan: There is a national action plan for the development of organic production (2012-2017).
  • Other policy support: Additional support is provided for advisory services and participation in international projects.

Research & advice

The main institution carrying out research into organic agriculture is the Biotechnical Faculty of the University of Montenegro. Advice is provided into the cantonal advisory services and by Switzerland's research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL). The latter provides specialised advice for farmers, as well as training courses and technical information for practitioners.

Challenges & outlook

One of the key challenges facing the Montenegrin organic sector is the need to enhance the domestic supply of organic food. Meeting the demand for organic products in luxury hotels is also a big challenge for organic producers.

Further information

For other relevant websites, see the section on key sector institutions.

Contact

Nataša Mirecki
Biotechnical Faculty
University of Montenegro
Mihaila Lalica 1
81000 Podgorica
Montenegro
Tel.: +382 26 6136
Fax: +382 8126 6315
mirecki@no-spam.t-com.me

http://www.btf.ucg.ac.me/