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Organic in Europe. Prospects and Developments (2014)


The publication "Organic in Europe" shows that EU agricultural and food policies continue to have a significant impact on the development of organic farming not only in the EU-28, but also across Europe influencing market trends in EU Candidate and Potential candidate countries as well as countries within the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).

Divided into three sections the publication firstly assesses the latest developments in EU organic food and farming policy, secondly it considers case studies of organic farming policy in action both in the EU and other European countries and finally it provides a detailed overview of organic farming and market development in Europe from the latest market trends to detailed reports of the sector in 30 countries.

The book is a joint publication of the European Union Group of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM EU; www.ifoam.eu.org), the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL, www.fibl.org/en and the Mediterranean Institute for Agronomic Research CIHEAM-IAMB, www.iamb.it).

It was compiled in the framework of the "Mind the CAP" campaign, which is co-funded by the European Union. A statistical update together with a thinkpiece was was published in 2016 by IFOAM-EU and FiBL.

The country reports

The country reports all follow the same structure and are available at the country section of this website.

  • Key indicators; highlights for 2013 and 2014;
  • History of organic farming;
  • Key sector institutions;
  • Production base: land use and key crops;
  • Market:
    • Top-selling products
    • Market channels
    • Exports and imports
  • Standards, legislation, organic logo
  • Policy support
    • National action plan
    • Support under the EU reural development programmes
  • Other policy support
  • Research and advice
  • Challenges and outlook
  • Further information

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Organic in Europe: Table of contents

EU Organic Food and Farming Policy

Opportunities and challenges for the organic sector in the CA P and other policies
Stephen Meredith, Antje Kolling, Emanuele Busacca and Bram Moeskops

Organic Farming Policy in Action

Rural development programmes and organic farming in Italy
Gianluigi Cardone and Patrizia Pugliese

Policy support for organic agriculture in EU Candidate and Potential candidate countries
Marie Reine Bteich, Lina Al-Bitar, Patrizia Pugliese and Virginia Belsanti

Organic action plans: Mainstreaming organic farming in public policy
Jurn Sanders and Otto Schmid

Organic Farming and Market Development in Europe

Growth Trends in European Organic Food and Agriculture

Helga Willer, Diana Schaack and Marie Reine Bteich

Country Reports

Helga Willer, Marie Reine Bteich and Stephen Meredith

Elisabeth Klingbacher

Paul Verbeke

Stoilko Apostolov

Darko Znaor

Czech Republic
Andrea Hrabalova

Tomas Fibiger Norfelt

Merit Mikk

Sampsa Heinonen

Elisabeth Mercier

Diana Schaack and Helga Willer

Nicolette van der Smissen

Zoltan Dezseny and Dora Drexler

Gunnar A Gunnarsson

Grace Maher

Marta Romeo and Marie Reine Bteich

Gustavs Norkārklis

Klaus Büchel

Virgilijus Skulskis

Raymond Aendekerk

Nataša Mirecki

Marian Blom

Gerald Altena

Dorota Metera

Catarina Crisostomo

Boldizsar Megyesi

Jelena Milic

Anamarija Slabe

Victor Gonzalvez

Johan Cejie

Helga Willer

Uygun Aksoy

United Kingdom
Susanne Padel 

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List of figures

Figure 3.1: Total organic agricultural and total certified organic areas in CPC countries, 2006-2011

Figure 5.1: Distribution of organic agricultural in Europe, 2012

Figure 5.2: Total organic agricultural land by country, 2012

Figure 5.3: Shares of total organic agricultural land, 2012

Figure 5.4: Growth of organic agricultural land, 2004-2012

Figure 5.5: Top 10 countries with the largest organic areas by land use type, 2012

Figure 5.6: Organic agricultural land use in the EU-28, 2012

Figure 5.7: Growth of selected arable and permanent crops in the EU-28, 2004-2012

Figure 5.8: Total organic agricultural land - fully converted or in conversion - by country group, 2012

Figure 5.9: Total organic agricultural land - fully converted or in conversion - by country, 2012

Figure 5.10: Organic retail sales in Europe and the EU-28, 2004-2012

Figure 5.11: Distribution of retail sales in Europe, 2012; Distribution of retail sales worldwide, 2011

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List of tables

Table 3.1: Organic statistics for the CPC countries, 2011

Table 3.2: Policy support framework for organic agriculture in CPC countries, 2013

Table 4.1: Overview of organic action plans being implemented in Europe 2013

Table 5.1: Key indicators for the organic sector, 2012

Table 5.2: Organic agricultural land and share of total agricultural land, 2012; change for 2004-2012; and 2011-2012

Table 5.3: Organic agricultural land by land use type, 2012 66

Table 5.4: Top 10 arable and permanent crop groups by country group area, 2011; 2012; change 2011-2012

Table 5.5: Top 5 arable and permanent crop groups by country area, 2004; 2011; and 2012

Table 5.6: Organic producers, processors and importers by country, 2012

Table 5.7: Market for organic food, 2012

Table 5.8: Shares of organic product groups for total market in selected countries, 2011

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Order book

The book "Organic in Europe" can be ordered from the FiBL Shop.

Shop.FiBL.org: Organic in Europe

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Dr. Helga Willer
Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL
Ackerstrasse 113
5070 Frick
Tel.+41 62 865 7207
Fax +41 62 865 7273
Personal webpage