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Country report - Slovenia

by Anamarija Slabe, Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD).

This article was originally written for the publication "Organic in Europe", published by the IFOAM EU Group in collaboration with the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, Switzerland, and the Mediterranean Institute for Agronomic Research CIHEAM-IAM, Bari, Italy. 

Key indicators 2012

Area and operator indicator data: Ministry for Agriculture market data: research projects and ISD estimates.

History of organic farming

  • 1996: The first organic farming institute is established – the Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD)
  • 1996: ISD prepares the first organic standards, which are adopted by the Slovenian Organic Farmers’ Association in 1997
  • 2000: The private organic logo BIODAR is introduced
  • 2001: National rules for organic farming are introduced
  • 2005: The government adopts the national organic farming action plan

Key sector institutions

Production base: land use and key crops

Of the total area of 35,101 hectares

  • 87.36 % consists of grassland,
  • 7.84 % arable land, and
  • 4.28 % permanent crops.

The key arable crops are

  • cereals (1,387 hectares),
  • green fodder from arable land (1,800 hectares) and
  • vegetables (1,801 hectares).

The key permanent crops are

  • fruits (994.36 hectares),
  • grapes (323.88 hectares) and
  • olives (184.53 hectares).

Market

  • Top-selling products: Fresh vegetables, dairy products and cereals.
  • Market channels: 85 % of the products are sold in supermarkets (largest share) and specialized retailers; 15 % are sold directly (two thirds on-farm, one third at organic farmers’ markets).
  • Exports and imports: Slovenia imports 80 % of the organic products it consumes.

Standards, legislation, organic logo

Organic agriculture in the country is subject to EU legislation on organic farming and other regulations (based on the Agriculture Act); there are also rules to determine the areas suitable for organic beekeeping. More information available at: http://www.mko.gov.si/si/zakonodaja_in_dokumenti/veljavni_predpisi/kmetijstvo/#c18905

There is no national organic logo.

Policy support

  • National action plan: The National Action Plan for Organic Agriculture (Akcijski načrt za ekološko kmetijstvo - ANEK) runs from 2005 to 2015. It has aims to achieve three main targets by 2015: 15 % of farms to be organic, 20 % of agricultural land to be organically cultivated, 10 % of Slovenian products to be organic. Financial resources are provided by the Ministry for Agriculture and the Environment. More information available at: www.itr.si/uploads/ov/vp/ovvpWjVS2ACOt3JXY0SoDw/ANEK_si.pdf
    and www.mko.gov.si/fileadmin/mko.gov.si/pageuploads/podrocja/Kmetijstvo/Ekolosko_kmetijstvo/ANEK_slo.pdf
  • Support under the EU rural development programme: Financial support for organic farming has existed since 1999. From 2001-2003, payments were granted through the Slovenian agri-environmental programme (SKOP), and agri-environmental payments were also made as part of the Rural Development Programme 2007-2013. Further support for investments is available through general support schemes, and marketing support can be accessed as part of the quality schemes.
  • Other policy support: National contributions to the EU co-financed organic promotion campaigns, from 2010 to 2012 and 2013 to 2015.

Research & advice

The key institutions in the field of organic research are the Institute for Sustainable Development and the Faculty for agriculture and biosystemic sciences of the University of Maribor. Research is conducted into the market, policy, rural development, and technologies (vegetables, cereals and other field crops).
Advisory services are not well developed; knowledge transfer is mainly performed by NGOs.

Challenges & outlook

Key challenges are an improvement of knowledge transfer; improvement of availability of agricultural land; increase of the production volume; increase of self-sufficiency with organic food, which is currently only 20 %.

Further information

For other relevant websites, see the section on key sector institutions.

Contact

Anamarija Slabe, B. Sc.
Director
Metelkova 6
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia
Tel.: +386 1439 7465
Cell: +386 4172 5991
anamarija.slabe@no-spam.itr.si

www.itr.si

 

 

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