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Estonia: 17 % of the farmland is organic

Organic production has grown steadily. There are many farmers who want to manage their land organically because they favour this type of production and because they want to sell their products on the growing market.


Cover of the latest edition of "Organic farming in Estonia"


By 2015, organic land (170,797 ha) has come to represent about 17% of all agricultural land in use. The area increased by 12,726 ha compared to the previous year. In addition, 93,148 ha of natural areas were certified for wild collection; this figure is 36,642 ha smaller than 2014.

In total, 1,629 farms were involved in organic farming in 2015. Compared to the previous year, this number has increased by 87; 226 farms started and 139 farms stopped organic production.

The size of organic farmland has expanded from year to year, to a current average area of 105 hectares.

Eleven of Estonia’s largest organic farms have over 1,000 hectares of organically managed land.

In recent years, the development of organic processing and marketing has shown good growth: in 2015, the organic farming register included a total of 266 organic food processors and traders – 46 more than in the previous year.

The greatest variety of organic products is available in specialist organic shops, but the total turnover is greater in conventional stores. The number of different domestic organic products sold on domestic market reached to 1,300.

Consumer interest in purchasing organic food has increased considerably over the last few years.

More information is availbale in the 2015 peport "Organic Farming in Estonia", published annually by tghe Ministry of Rural Affairs of the Republic of Estonia.


AGRI.ee: Organic farming in Estonia 2016